First Impressionist Exhibition

On this day in 1874 the first exhibition by the art movement known as Impressionist took place.  The exhibition which was open from 15th April  to 15th May displayed 165 works from thirty artists at 35 Boulevard des Capucines, a former photography studio.  The exhibition was led by French artists Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Camille Pissarro and Berthe Morisot calling themselves the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Engravers, etc.

The art critic Louis Leroy, who wrote at the time for Le Charivari, entitled his dismissive review “Exhibition of Impressionists”, a title inspired by Claude Monet’s painting Impression: Sunrise, 1873. Leroy’s intention was to discredit the work but instead be he invented a new identity for the group.  Altouygh the artists themselves didn’t call themselves the “Impressionists” until their third show in 1877.  In addition to the Impressionists the group were also referred to as the “Independents” and the “Intransigents,” terms which implied political activism although Pissarro was the only avowed anarchist.

The artists who participated in the exhibition were….

  1. Zacharie Astruc
  2. Antoine-Ferdinand Attendu
  3. Édouard Béliard
  4. Eugène Boudin
  5.  Félix Braquemond
  6. Édouard Brandon
  7. Pierre-Isidore Bureau
  8. Adolphe-Félix Cals
  9. Paul Cézanne
  10. Gustave Colin
  11. Louis Debras
  12. Edgar Degas
  13. Jean-Baptiste Armand Guillaumin
  14. Louis LaTouche
  15. Ludovic-Napoléon Lepic
  16. Stanislas Lepine
  17. Jean-Baptiste-Léopold Levert
  18. Alfred Meyer
  19. Auguste De Molins 
  20. Claude Monet
  21. Mademoiselle Berthe Morisot
  22. Mulot-Durivage
  23. Guiseppe DeNittis
  24. Auguste-Louis-Marie Ottin
  25. Léon-Auguste Ottin
  26. Camille Pissarro
  27. Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  28. Stanislas-Henri Rouart
  29. Léopold Robert
  30. Alfred Sisley

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