Remember, Remember the 5th of November

“Remember, remember, the 5th of November
The Gunpowder Treason and plot;
I know of no reason why Gunpowder Treason
Should ever be forgot.

Guy Fawkes, Guy Fawkes,
‘Twas his intent.
To blow up the King and the Parliament.
Three score barrels of powder below.
Poor old England to overthrow.”

Tomorrow is Guy Fawkes Night or Bonfire night an evening of fireworks, bonfires and celebrations a part of our history since the 17th century.  Hence today’s daily doodle a sketch of Parliament.

Parliament

The Gunpowder Plot was actually the brainchild of Robert Catesby, an English Catholic whose father had been persecuted by Queen Elizabeth I. The initial plan was formed on 20 May 1604 in a London inn. Apart from Catesby, four other people were involved namely Thomas Wintour, John Wright, Thomas Percy and Guy Fawkes. Later eight more were recruited for carrying out the Gunpowder Plot taking the total number of conspirators to thirteen.

The principle aim was to blow up the House of Lords at the opening of Parliament on 5 November 1605 and kill the King James I. Once the king and his parliament were dead, they planned to put James’ daughter Elizabeth on the throne thus replacing the country’s Protestant government with Catholic leadership.

The most famous participant of the Gunpowder Plot remains Guy Fawkes. The conspirators had taken out a lease on a cellar beneath the House of Lords with Fawkes in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there. Hours before the attack was supposed to have taken place the authorities conducted a search and found Fawkes guarding the gunpowder.  After capture Guy Fawkes claimed that he acted alone but after two days of torture he gave the identities of his co-conspirators.

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